Vocabulary Lists 7-10: Animal Farm Vocabulary

Animal Farm Vocabulary List #7 (Chapters 1-2):

1. Benevolent (adj.)-kind or charitable. "Giving to the hurricane relief fund is a benevolent act and shows great humanity."

2. Cynical (adj.)-believing the worst of human nature and motives. "He seldom talked, and when he did, it was usually to make some cynical remark about the flaws of all human beings."

3. Disciple (noun)-a follower who accepts and passes on the teachings (often philosophy or religion) of another. "Many psychologists today are disciples of Sigmund Freud and apply his teachings to their own work."

4. Enmity (noun)=hatred; contempt. There appeared to be great enmity between the rivals, though they shook hands at the end of their game.

5. Ensconce (verb)-to establish or settle firmly. "At one end of the big barn, on a sort of raised platform, Major the pig was already ensconced on his bed of straw, under a lantern which hung from a beam."

6. Indefatigable (adj.)-never tiring; incapable of being fatigued. "There's no such thing as an indefatigable laborer who can work from sunrise to sunset."

7. Laborious (adj.)-causing great physical effort. "The laborious work required to transport donated clothing and canned food items was worth the exhaustion.

8. Preeminent (adj.)-superior to others. "Gianna is the preeminent chef in a city that has many good ones."

9. Sordid (adj.)-filthy; base. "Oprah rose above the sordid streets in which she grew up."

10. Vengeance (noun)-great force or punishment. "Angry protesters wanted to inflict vengeance on the killer."

Animal Farm Vocabulary List #8 (Chapters 3-4):

1. Acute (adj.)-sharp, severe or intense; "After eating uncooked turkey, I started experiencing acute pain in my stomach and needed to take medicine.

2. Cryptic (adj.)-mysterious or secretive; "I was puzzled by the cryptic e-mail message that he sent me, and then I decided that girls overanalyze guys' words way too much!"

3. Faculty (noun)-skill, ability or aptitude. "The SAT is meant to test your faculty in reading comprehension, vocabulary and mathematics."

4. Ignominious (adj.)-shameful or contemptible; "The prison guards degraded themselves with their inhumane, ignominious treatment of the prisoners.

5. Implement (noun)-a tool or utensil; a device used in the performance of a task; "Before forks and knives were created, stone and wood implements were used in prehistoric times."

6. Impromptu (adj.)-created or said without previous preparation; "Two of my friends came by unexpectedly, and we had an impromptu little party in my kitchen."

7. Maxim (noun)-a well-known saying; a general truth, fundamental principle, or rule of conduct; "It's a common maxim that 'a watched pot never boils,' but that's not literally true."

8. Obstinate (adj.)-inflexible; unconvincing; unyielding; "Even though I tried to get my mother to change my curfew, she remained obstinate.

9. Parasitical (adj.)-dependent on others; leech-like; sponge-like; "The 35-year-old man was still parasitical to his parents; he didn't work and depended on his parents to pay the bills."

10. Tractable (adj.)-manageable; obedient; docile; "Charles is a very tractable child; he always behaves and does as he's told."

Animal Farm Vocabulary List #9 (Chapter 5):

1. Blithe (adjective)-lighthearted, cheerful and carefree; Joseph had a blithe approach to his classwork, taking notes seemingly at random.

2. Canvass (verb)-to seek votes or solicit; During the election season, the presidential candidates chose to canvass the swing states with voters that were not clearly decided.

3. Contemplate (verb)-to think about deeply; to consider with attention; Jason contemplated the meaning of the poem for a long time because it perplexed him.

4. Dismay (verb)-to upset or perturb; Tamara's career choice of firefighting dismayed her parents because it would put her life in jeopardy on a daily basis.

5. Eloquence (noun)-clear and effective language; The senator's eloquence is well known, and thousands of people would drive miles to hear him speak.

6. Faction (noun)-a group with a self-serving purpose; Several factions within the environmental movement have joined forces to save this wilderness area.

7. Innovation (noun)-a new idea, method or device; an invention; Through the latest technological innovation, they found ways to get better results with less work.

8. Manifest (verb)-to reveal or display; Since Mike's behavior problems manifested in class, his grade quickly plummeted.

9. Preside (verb)-to take charge or to occupy an authoritative position; The animals decided that Snowball and Napoleon deserved to preside over them because they had more intelligence than the rest.

10. Reverent (adj.)-respectful or deferential; When the students are reverential, the teacher is pleased and shows them respect in return.

Animal Farm Vocabulary List #10 (Chapters 6-10):

1. Capitulate (verb)-to surrender; to stop resisting; The teacher refused to capitulate; no matter how many requests she had, she remained firm that no calculators were to be used during the exam.

2. Countenance (noun)-facial expression; The photograph showed his joyful countenance during the holidays.

3. Demeanor (noun)-behavior or personality; In Animal Farm, Napoleon's demeanor is very harsh and authoritative.

4. Impending (adj.)-about to happen; imminent; The possibility that Mr. Jones and his men may give an impending attack put the animals on constant defense.

5. Indignation (noun)-anger because of something unfair or unworthy; Since the school rules changed every marking period, the students felt indignation.

6. Machination (noun)-scheming/plotting action; The animals in Animal Farm created a great deal of machinations to prepare for an attack against Mr. Jones and his men.

7. Nocturnal (adj.)-happening at night; James bought a new telescope so he could pursue his favorite nocturnal hobby of astronomy.

8. Procure (verb)-to possess or acquire; After waiting in line for 24 hours, she was thrilled that she managed to procure a ticket to the Justin Bieber concert.

9. Retribution (noun)-punishment or a negative consequence; The murderer did not fear retribution; he didn't have a conscience and didn't care if he'd punished.

10. Taciturn (adj.)-quiet, shy, not inclined to talking; The taciturn boy never initiates conversation; he won't speak unless spoken to.