1. Construe (verb)-to explain, give the meaning, or interpret. The students construed that the teacher favored the Democrat party when she wore a blue outfit and blue nail polish.

2. Encompass (verb)-to form a circle around; to include. The five boroughs of New York City encompass the most diverse numbers of people living and working together.

3. Entreat (verb)-to beg, plead or implore. After coming to work late, Eric's boss fired him even though Eric entreated his boss for another chance.

4. Fawn (verb)-to flatter or show affection. Kim Kardashian's fans fawned over her and she basked in their praise.

5. Incense (verb)-to cause extreme anger. The students were so incensed that Mike was disrupting class, so they demanded that he would be punished.

6. Imminent (adj.)-about to happen, inevitable, or impending. Watching the electoral college and popular vote numbers come in, we realized that President Obama's reelection was imminent.

7. Infirmity (noun)-a physical or emotional weakness. In recent years, Grandma has had to reduce her schedule because of age and infirmity.

8. Knave (noun)-a tricky and deceitful fellow. Sam plays the role of the knave who tries to bring down the play's hero with his sneaky plotting.

9. Loathe (verb)-to hate; to detest. They were rivals who truly loathed each other.

10. Perilous (adj.)-dangerous. The assassination plot against Julius Caesar was a perilous undertaking, but the conspirators chose to make it happen anyway.

11. Portentous (adj.)-ominous; showing signs of something bad to come; prophetic. The scary music was portentous of danger to come.

12. Prodigious (adj.)-enormous; extraordinary in size or degree. There was a prodigious supply of canned food items collected for the hurricane relief, which showed the students' great compassion for others in need.

13. Recount (verb)-to communicate or convey in detail. Since I was absent from class, David recounted the teacher's lecture so I wouldn't miss a single detail.

14. Replication (noun)-a copy, reproduction, or echo. We bought a smaller and cheaper replication of the marble statue for our garden.

15. Servile (adj.)-submissive, slave-like; Caesar expected Cassius to bow his head in a servile manner to him, and Cassius despised acting beneath Caesar.

16. Tempest (noun)-a violent windstorm, often with rain, snow or hail. The tempest caused all of the power lines to break down, which resulted in major power outages.

Vex (verb)-to annoy or irritate. The high-pitched ring tone vexed many listeners and caused them to hold their ears in agony.

18. Virtue (noun)-a good or admirable quality; an asset; The kindhearted man has so many virtues that it’s hard to imagine he could possess any flaws.

19. Wax (verb)-to increase in size, number or strength. The hurricane relief efforts are waxing as people realize how much is needed.

20. Wane (verb)-to decrease in size, number or strength. Support for the Republican Senator was waning when he said abortion was not acceptable even in the case of rape.

VOCABULARY LIST #2: Julius Caesar Vocabulary

1. Abide (verb)-to follow (especially concerning rules); The majority of Info Tech students abide by the rules, which is why ITHS is an orderly, engaging place to learn.

2. Apparition (noun)-a ghostly figure; The multiple appearances of Julius Caesar’s apparition were omens of deaths to come.

3. Appease (verb)-to calm or bring about peace; Her soothing voice appeased the boy during his temper tantrum, and thankfully he quit screaming.

4. Apprehensive (adj.)-worried that something bad will happen; fearful; The truant students were apprehensive about getting their report cards because they knew their parents would be very upset.

5. Augment (verb)-to increase; to make greater; He augmented his resume by getting involved in volunteer work and after-school activities.

6. Chastise (verb)-to severely criticize or punish; When Janie came home at 5am, four hours past her curfew, her parents chastised her so much that she cried from the agonizing criticism.

7. Consent (verb)-to give approval; to agree to; Her nod was a sign that she consented to his marriage proposal.

8. Demeanor (noun)-behavior or personality; Matt’s demeanor toward everyone he meets is easygoing and likable.

9. Feeble (adj.)-weak in force, strength, or effectiveness; The candidate’s feeble arguments were leading him toward defeat in the presidential debate.

10. Haste (noun)-swiftness of motion; speed; thoughtless quick action; It's not a wise decision to use haste in putting together your college applications; you should take great care in this very important process.

11. Idle (adj.)-not working or active; doing nothing; The idle workers were the first to be fired because of their lack of productivity.

12. Impart (verb)- to inform; to tell; relate or disclose; It is important not to impart a secret; if you do tell, then you will have a reputation as one who is not trusted.

13. Indifferent (adj.)-without interest or concern; not caring; apathetic; Her indifferent attitude toward the suffering of others made her a very unattractive person.

14. Interim (noun)-an intermission; a pause; The interim between the two acts of the play allowed the audience to get up, go to the restroom, and get something to eat.

15. Lament (verb)-to feel or express sorrow or regret; We lamented his absence because we knew he was in mourning over the loss of his grandmother.

16. Orator (noun)-an eloquent and skillful public speaker; Successful politicians, like Presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton, are recognized as extraordinary orators; they inspire crowds by their profound words.

17. Puissant (adj.) powerful; The conspirators claimed they killed Julius Caesar because he was puissant and likely to take away their freedoms.

18.Reverence (noun)-respect; deference; It’s important to show reverence to your parents when they say to come home by curfew.

19. Strife (noun)-intense conflict, struggle, or clash; Much of the Middle East has been torn apart by strife over the years.

20. Valiant (adj.)-courageous; The FDNY and NYPD recruit valiant, young men and women who are willing to risk their lives to protect the people.

VOCABULARY LIST #3: Julius Caesar Vocabulary

1. Beseech (verb)-to beg; implore; The parishioners ardently beseeched Mr. Hooper to take off his black veil in "The Minister's Black Veil", but he refused.

2. Bondage (noun)-captivity; the state of being a slave; Many people who have addictions experience bondage to that drug, and have to go through rehabilitation.

3. Censure (noun)-criticism or punishment; There was a vote for censure given to the Student Government President for conduct that was unbecoming to his office.

4. Chide (verb)-to strongly disapprove; “You really should have been here on time,” she chided.

5. Cognizant (adj.)-knowledgeable; aware; After the divorce, the judge told Adam his responsibilities so he is fully cognizant of his duties as a father.

6. Constancy (noun)-stability; a state of unchanging; There is no constancy in language—meanings of words change over time.

7. Contrive (verb)-to devise or plan; The prisoners contrived a way to escape.

8. Decree (noun)- an order usually having the force of law; President Ronald Reagan issued a decree in 1983, making Martin Luther King, Jr. day a national holiday. Though, it didn't start being observed until January 20th, 1986.

9. Disclose (verb)-to reveal or make public; During major elections, there are demands that politicians disclose the sources of their income.

10. Enfranchisement (noun)-freedom from slavery; When a dictator is killed, the citizens experience exhilarating enfranchisement.

11. Enterprise (noun)-a project or undertaking that is especially difficult, complicated, or risky; At first, creating facebook was a difficult enterprise, as can be seen in the movie, The Social Network.

12. Flourish (verb)-to thrive or prosper; The internet start-up companies flourished in the late 1990's.

13. Insurrection (noun)-a rebellion or revolution against an authority/government; Insurrections have occurred multiple times throughout history and brought down major dictatorships.

14. Lofty (adj.)-superior, impressive or elevated; The teacher set lofty goals for her students because she knew they could raise the bar and reach for the stars.

15. Meek (adj.)-very obedient; submissive; Her inaudible voice made her appear so meek that her boss would walk all over her.

16. Muse (verb)-to reflect or think deeply; I could sell the house, she mused, but then where would I go?

17. Omit (verb)-to leave out or leave unmentioned; You must not omit mentioning the sources you used in researching your paper.

18. Vanquish (verb)-to conquer or dominate; Since she could not vanquish her fear of the dark, Julie used a nightlight.

19. Visage (noun)-an appearance or countenance; Santa Claus always has a noticeably happy visage in all the movies starring the jolly old man.

20. Wrathfully (adverb)-in an angry manner; He wrathfully accused her of cheating on him, but he had no evidence.

VOCABULARY LIST #4: Julius Caesar Vocabulary

1. Abridge (verb)-to shorten, curtail or abbreviate; The 1,000 page book was abridged to 500 pages, which removed all unnecessary details.

2. Apt (adj.)-appropriate; having a tendency; Paul's disobedient dog is apt to run off if you don't put him on a leash.

3. . Choleric (adj.)-easily angered; hot-tempered; irritable; I absolutely get choleric when a telemarketer calls during the dinner hour; you could practically see the fumes coming out of my ears!

4. Confound (verb)-frustrate; baffle; confuse; The murder case has confounded investigators, and left them without any clues.

5. Consort (verb)-to associate with; to keep company with; At college she began consorting with drug users, and eventually becoming an addict herself.

6. Covert (verb)-secretive; hidden; Brian has taken part in a number of covert military operations, and no one found out until after he resigned from his duties.

7. Covetous (adj.)-desiring someone else's possessions or wealth; greedy; When Patrick drove his new, expensive car to ITHS, many of his classmates gave him covetous looks.

8. Emulate (verb)-to imitate; to strive to equal; She grew up emulating her soccer hero, Mia Hamm, dressing and acting just like her.

9. Engender (verb)-to produce; create; The abortion issue has engendered a considerable amount of debate over the years.

10. Gallant (adj.)-courageous; valiant; They failed to reach the mountain's summit, but they made a gallant attempt.

11. Malice (noun)-desire to cause pain, injury, or distress to another; viciousness; The criminal planned an attack motivated by pure malice.

12. Misconstrue (verb)-to mistake the meaning of; misinterpret; Larry misconstrued Michelle's kiss on the cheek as a romantic gesture; Michelle only wanted to be friends.

13. Mirth (noun)-cheerfulness; merriment; As charming as their mutual mirth was, the teacher asked Sarah and David to refrain from nudging each other and giggling during class.

14. Nimble (adj.)-resourceful; quick in mind or body; agile; Possessing a nimble wit, Matthew always has a cutting comeback for any intended insult thrown his way.

15. Peril (noun)-danger or serious risk; The hurricane put New York and New Jersey in serious peril.

16. Render (verb)-to deliver; to yield; to hand over; The virus rendered the computer useless.

17. Repeal (verb)-to cancel; recall; revoke; In 1933, Congress passed the 21st Amendment which repealed the Prohibition Amendment of 1919, thus making the sale, distribution, and use of alcohol legal once again.

18. Spurn (verb)-reject; refuse; Since she was no longer interested in Allan, Haley spurned his requests to get back together.

19. Venture (verb)-to take a risk; gamble; Though I've never been to a horse race, I ventured to gamble in favor of Pretty in Pink to win, and she did!

20. Vile (adj.)-repulsive; sinful; Bobby had such a vile temper that anyone could be a target for his rage.