Night Vocabulary (Lists 1-6)

Chapter One Vocabulary (List #1):

1. Penury (noun; page 3)=extreme poverty; destitution. "Homeless people often suffer penury and must beg for money."

2. Insinuate (verb; page 7)=to suggest; to hint; to imply. "When Joe's girlfriend asked him a million questions about where he was last night, she was insinuating that she didn't trust his loyalty to her."

3. Jubilant (adjective; p. 10)=showing great joy or triumph. "When the dancers onstage concluded their performance with a jubilant finale, the audience cheered.

4. Sublime (adjective; p. 10)=awesome; impressive. "New York City is known for its sublime skyline; people from all over the world travel far and wide to see it."

5.Provoke (verb; p. 10)=to incite, instigate or stimulate. "Shayla liked to provoke her sister into long-winded fights."

6. Decree (noun/verb; p. 11)=an authoritative order; to order. "The judge gave a decree to the man to pay his owed alimony bills or else he'd go to jail."

7. Rescind (verb; p. 15)=to cancel; to repeal. "Because of identity theft, Johnny had his credit cards rescinded, and he could no longer buy his girlfriend the expensive dress she wanted."

8. Surreptitious (adjective; p. 16)=secretive; furtive; clandestine. "The private investigator was skilled at taking surreptitious pictures of adulterous couples."

9. Farce (noun; p. 21)=a mockery; a ridiculous sham. "Many people believe that the election was a farce, and no one's vote really counted."

10. Condemn (verb; p. 21)=to disapprove; to censure; to punish. "Prince Harry was condemned for his choice to flash the photographers."

Vocabulary for Chapters Two and Three in Night (List #2):

1. Inhibition (noun; p. 23)=something that restricts or forbids. Brian's inhibition made it difficult for him to tell his girlfriend what he was really feeling.

2. Irrevocable (adj.; p. 24)=impossible to change. Once Joey and Susie signed the legal papers, their divorce was irrevocable.

3. Pious (adj.; p. 24)=religious or faithful. Elie and his family are considered pious people; they pray on a daily basis.

4. Stench (noun; p. 28)=a strong and unpleasant odor or stink. The dead rat caused a stench on the subway platform.

5. Indifferently (adverb; p. 29)=lacking interest or concern. Many people today feel indifferently about politics and don't choose to watch or read the news.

6. Imperative (adj.; p. 30)=necessary or essential. It's imperative that you eat fruits and vegetables to have a balanced diet.

7. Elude (verb; p. 32)=to avoid or escape. The criminal was able to elude the cops for a few months, but eventually she was caught.

8. Nocturnal (adj.; p. 34)=relating to or happening at night. He bought a new telescope so he could pursue his favorite nocturnal hobby of astronomy.

9. Ascertain (verb; p. 39)=to find out or obtain. Today, information can be ascertained by anyone with a computer.

10. Camaraderie (noun; p. 41)=a spirit of a friendly community or brotherhood. On the football team, there is a camaraderie, and it's clear when the teammates hug at the end of each game.

Vocabulary for Chapter 4 in Night (List #3):

1. Altruistic (adj.; p. 48)=unselfish; devoted to helping others. The teenagers were altruistic when they gave up their Saturdays to visit the sick, elderly patients in the hospital and bring them good cheer.

2. Quarantine (noun; p. 48)=enforced isolation, usually because of contagious illness, disease or danger to others. The people infected with the plague were so contagious that they were sent to a quarantine so they wouldn't infect others.

3. Conscientious (adj.; p. 48)=careful, meticulous. A conscientious worker will come to work on time and exert a great deal of effort in everything he or she does.

4. Wizened (adj.; p. 51)=aged, wrinkled, or lacking vitality. Young people who suffered in the concentration camps had wizened faces as a result of the torture they endured that aged them quickly.

5. Meek (adj.; p. 51)=lacking strength, spirit or courage. She may seem meek, but it's all an act, and she's really very assertive.

6. Reminisce (verb; p. 54)=reflect or recall. Joe's grandfather reminisced about his younger days when he bought candy for just a penny.

7. Dissipate (verb; p. 60)=to cause to move widely apart or split up. When fall arrives, the summer heat dissipates.

8. Solemn (adj.; p. 61)=somber or serious in a gloomy way. The judge was very solemn when he reported that the man would be sent to jail for 50 years.

9. Assess (verb; p. 62)=to evaluate or estimate. The hurricane damages were assessed to be over 5 million dollars.

10. Unison (noun; p. 64)=agreement, consensus or a state of having one opinion about something. Since the student government was in unison about the fact that they wanted more spirit days to lift students' morale, the spirit days increased.

Vocabulary for Chapter 5 (pp. 66-84) in Night (List #4):

1. Agitated (adj.; p. 66)=anxious; overexcited. I was agitated when I found out that I had five pages of homework tonight and didn't understand how to do the assignments.

2. Defiance (noun; p. 66)=resistance; willingness to oppose. Any defiance of the Nazis would have deadly consequences.

3. Grandeur (noun; p. 66)=magnificence; gloriousness. The grandeur of the Plaza Hotel causes millions of people from all over the world to visit every year.

4. Ailing (adj.; p. 66)=affected with disease or ill health. Every Saturday, Josie goes to visit ailing patients in the hospital's intensive care unit.

5. Benediction (noun; p. 67)=a blessing for goodness and well-being. The priest offered a benediction for the missing children, and their parents felt comforted.

6. Veritable (adj.; p. 70)=true, authentic or real. I require veritable proof to support your argument.

7. Notorious (adj.; p. 71)=unfavorably well-known; disreputable. Jesse is notorious for cutting class and bad-mouthing his teachers.

8. Incentive (noun; p. 77)=something that encourages determination or action; a motivation. The rising cost of electricity provides a strong incentive to conserve energy.

9. Delude (verb; p. 80)=to mislead or trick. We deluded ourselves into thinking that the ice cream wouldn't affect our diet.

10. Precede (verb; p. 84)=to come before; to be earlier than. The meeting was preceded by a brief, welcoming speech.

Vocabulary for Chapter 6 (pp. 85-97) in Night (List #5):

1. Falter (verb; p. 85)=fail; to lose strength or power. I was faltering in the race because I fell down and twisted my ankle.

2. Automaton (noun; p. 85)=robot; somebody who behaves like a machine in emotionlessly obeying instructions and performing repetitive actions. The Jewish people were forced to act as automatons in the concentration camps; if they didn't, they'd be shot on the spot.

3. Emaciated (adj.; p. 85)=extremely thin, especially because of starvation or illness. When you're not given protein and carbohydrates, you will become emaciated.

4. Transcend (verb; p. 87)=to rise above or go beyond the limits. It's amazing if you can transcend your parents' expectations and get straight A's.

5. Frigid (adj.; p. 88)=intensely cold; lacking feeling. In -20 degrees below zero, it's essential that you don't have any skin exposed to the frigid air.

6. Plaintive (adj.; p. 89)=expressing suffering; anguished. We could hear the plaintive cry of a wounded animal in the woods.

7. Console (verb; p. 90)=to comfort somebody who is distressed or disappointed. At the funeral, everyone tried to console the mother who lost her young child in a fire.

8. Conscientious (adj.; p. 92)=careful or ethical. If you're conscientious in doing school work, then you will earn good grades.

9. Disengage (verb; p. 93)=to release, detach or withdraw. If you disengage from paying attention in class, you will not pass.

10. Melancholy (noun; p. 95)=depression; low spirits. There was great melancholy in the concentration camps since the people were treated so badly.

Vocabulary for Chapters 7-9 (pp. 98-115) in Night (List #6):

1. Apathy (noun; p. 99)=lack of interest; lack of enthusiasm. The students who were not athletes had apathy for the pep rally and showed they didn't care by not showing up.

2. Vitality (noun; p. 101)=liveliness; abundant energy. The vitality of the cheerleaders made everyone elevate their Blackhawk spirit.

3. Protrude (verb; p. 105)=to stick out; to project. The children couldn't find Johnny, but then they saw his foot protruding and discovered where he was hiding.

4. Prostrate (adj.; p. 108)=stretched out with face on the ground in adoration or submission; lying flat. Many people of different faiths will be prostrate as they pray, lying down on the ground.

5. Rivet (verb; p. 109)=to fascinate; to attract and hold attention completely. All of the students were riveted as the teacher spoke; it was so quiet that you could hear a pin drop.

6. Feeble (adj.; p. 112)=weak; lacking strength and energy. Business is suffering because of the feeble economy.

7. Idleness (noun; p. 113)=inactivity; dormancy. His idleness class earned him a failing grade, and then he couldn't graduate high school.

8. Unprecedented (adj.; p. 113)=new or fresh (especially for something that never happened before). The team has enjoyed unprecedented success this year; they never won this many games before.

9. Liquidate (verb; p. 114)=to get rid of; eradicate. The film is about a professional killer who's hired to liquidate a powerful businessman.

10. Contemplate (adj.; p. 115)=to think about; to ponder. He contemplated the meaning of the novel for a long time, and the teacher was very impressed.