Night Vocabulary (from the Collections Textbook (pp. 307-312)

1. Connotation (noun): an idea or feeling that a word invokes; an undertone or hidden meaning (not the literal meaning). The words "silent" and "motionless" have a connotation of desperation and inhumanity.
2. Crucible (noun; p. 311): a container in which metals/substances are subject to high temperatures; severe test. After many years of preparation, he was ready to face the crucible of the Winter Olympics in South Korea.
3. Decisive (adjective; p. 312): critical; producing a definite result. The Supreme Court made a decisive overturning of the ban on interracial marriage in 1967.
4. Din (noun; p. 312): loud noise. Tourists who visit NYC usually find the din on the city streets overwhelming and difficult to endure.
5. Emaciated (adjective; p. 310): extremely thin, especially because of starvation or illness. When you're not given protein and carbohydrates, you will become emaciated.
6. Execute (verb; p. 311): carry out or accomplish. When the Nazis ordered the inmates to take off all their clothes and run in the frigid weather, they were forced to execute the command or die.
7. Inheritance (noun; p. 312): something that is passed down to an heir (descendant) because of the owner's death; genetic traits that are transmitted from parents to offspring. Elie's father gave him an inheritance of a knife and spoon, but Elie refused because he didn't want his father to die.
8. Memoir (noun): an autobiographical account of an individual's personal experiences and observations of significant events. Night is considered a memoir because it is a written account of Elie Wiesel's personal experiences in the Holocaust.
9. Merciless (adjective; p. 308): showing no pity; cruel or inhumane. The Nazis were merciless in their torture of the Jews, and they often acted like their harsh treatment was a game.
10. Notorious (adjective; p. 309): unfavorably famous; Dr. Mengele was notorious for conducting cruel experiments on children in the Holocaust.
11. Ration (noun; p. 311): a fixed amount or portion allowed to each person, usually during a shortage. The inmates were given small rations of bread every day, which caused thousands to die of starvation.
12. Repetition (noun): restating specific words or phrases for a specific purpose or for importance. Elie Wiesel uses repetition of "you are too skinny, you are too weak" to emphasize his feelings of fear and uncertainty.
13. Reprieve (noun; p. 308): a cancellation or postponement of punishment. Presidents' vacation offers a reprieve from school and work.
14. Theme (noun): author's message, lesson, subject or topic. The main theme in Night is the struggle for survival.
15. Tone (noun): the author's attitude or feelings (usually positive or negative) toward his reader or subject. Since Night is about the author's enduring struggle to survive during the Holocaust, the tone is filled with despair, fear, and horror.
16. Verbal Irony (noun; p. 307): when the author writes one thing but means the opposite. The author states "the SS offered us a beautiful present for the new year" (p. 307). Here's an example of verbal irony:The prisoners are facing selection (some will die and some will survive), and this is not a gift.
17. Verdict (noun; p. 308): an outcome or decision. The verdict of the movie critics revealed that "The Greatest Showman" is a hit movie.
18. Veritable (adjective; p. 308): true, authentic or real. I require veritable proof to support your argument.