SOPHOMORE ENGLISH VOCABULARY


Lists 1-13

List #1: Night Vocabulary

1.) Beadle – n. in Judaism refers to the caretaker of the synagogue Hasidic – adjective form of Hasidism, describes a branch of orthodox Judaism originating in Eastern Europe which focuses on the Rabbi as the conduit of God Cabbala – n. a system of Jewish teaching about God and the world based on mysticism and miracles Talmud – n. the authoritative body of Jewish tradition Mysticism – n. the belief that knowledge of God, spiritual truth, and ultimate reality can best be understood through subjective experience such as insight or intuition Zionism – n. an international movement originally for the establishment of a Jewish national or religious community in Palestine and later for support of modern Israel. Fascism/Fascist – n/adj. a political movement that puts the nation and often race above the individual and that stands for an autocratic government led by a dictator and characterized by strict economic and social regulation. ghetto – n. comes from the Venetian word for “slag” and was originally used to refer to a foundry where slag was stored on the same island where the Jewish community lived. During the Holocaust, Jews in Nazi-occupied territory were forced to live in segregated portions of town known as ghettos. Today, it refers to portions of a city where minorities live, especially because of social or economic pressure.

Allusions Horthy – the reigning leader of Hungary before and during WWII Nyilas – Hungarian Nazi Party Gestapo – German secret police Passover – a holiday held during the first month of Jewish calendar, celebrating the Israelites liberation from the Egyptians after God sent the plagues upon the Egyptians, the tenth of which was the slaughtering of the first-born of each household. Passover, then, refers specifically to the Angel of Death passing over the homes of the Israelites. Maimonides – the preeminent medieval Jewish scholar, also known as Rambam. Boches – n. an offensive slang word used to refer to German soldiers during WWI and WWII.

Literary/Rhetorical Terms First Person Point of View or Narration – a story in which the narrator speaks in the first person as he relates the tale. The narrator may or may not be the protagonist. Allusion – a reference to a text, historical figure, event, or place that the writer expects the reader to understand Metaphor – a comparison between two dissimilar things without using like or as Simile – a comparison between dissimilar things using like or as Mood – the feeling created by the setting, characters, or action of a work Essential Questions 1. What kinds of responsibilities do members of a community have for one another?